|THE BRITISH OVERSEAS RAILWAYS HISTORICAL TRUST
A UK Registered Educational Charity
PREFACE by Paul Waters
A RAILWAY IS a prepared track for a vehicle with the following characteristics:-
It has been known in some form, somewhere, for some 5000 years.
1564 - THE HISTORY OF THE RAILWAY as we know it today STARTS IN BRITAIN in 1564.
In that year:-
For the first two centuries, railways were private. Then the first public railways were opened, organised following the precedent of the turnpikes. The railway company owned the track and contracted out all operations. Even the collection of tolls was "farmed out". The users paid tolls to take their own horse drawn wagons onto the railway.
Ticket to ride behind Trevithick's 1808 Locomotive.
The World's First Railway Ticket?
by Stears of Leeds sent to the USA in 1825
Railways are inherently dangerous as the trains cannot take avoiding action or brake rapidly in an emergency. So, to manage safety, railways moved away from the turnpike model to the fully integrated railway as they developed.
c.1850 READY TO EXPORT
1825 on - Visitors come from abroad to inspect the newfangled transport system
Some First Steam Railways:-
As the British Railway system expanded rapidly at the beginning of the Victorian era, other countries soon called on British expertise to assist their own economic development.
A STORY OF BRITISH EXPORT ACHIEVEMENT
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